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Lucy Faithfull Foundation Research Output

Supporting our child sexual abuse and sexual offender research

Where possible, our resources are free to download, and we want to continue to provide free information and research to help adults, parents and carers protect children from sexual abuse. However, as a charity we have limited funds available to research, develop and print materials and we welcome support from individuals. If you are interested in making a donation to help support our work please make a donation online.

Articles, book chapters and other published research and materials are listed on this page. Use the links below to jump to a section or scroll the page.

Sex offender assessment and treatment

Adult female sex offenders

Internet sex offenders

Public education

A primary prevention programme in primary schools

2013 Research with internet offenders

Initial research findings into the motivations, behaviour and actions of people who view indecent images of children (often referred to as child pornography) have been released by the Lucy Faithfull Foundation.

The qualitative research involved hearing from Internet Offenders in their own words about what prompted them to begin viewing indecent images of children; how their illegal behaviour developed over time; methods used to find and view images; potential strategies for desisting; and how they are managing this behaviour at present.

It is hoped the research will lead to the development and implementation of new strategies to tackle the global problem of indecent images of children, in particular to prevent the first viewing of child sexual abuse images.

Download and read the 'Research Briefing' - including recommendations for Government and others.


Case formulation: The dilemmas posed by child sex offenders
Sheath, M. (2010). In S. Corrie, & D.A. Lane (Eds.), Constructing Stories, Telling Tales: A Guide to Formulation in Applied Psychology (pp. 149-172). London, U.K: Karnak Books.

A community residential treatment approach for sexual abusers: A description of the Lucy Faithfull Foundation's Wolvercote Clinic and related projects
Eldridge, H., & Findlater, D. (2009). In A.R. Beech, L.A. Craig, & K.D. Browne, (Eds.), Assessment & Treatment of Sex Offenders: A Handbook (pp 349-366). Chichester, U.K.: Wiley Blackwell.

Thames Valley Sex Offender Groupwork Programme
Fisher, D., Eldridge, H. J., Still, J., & Faux, M. (2001). Home Office: London.

Patterns of sex offending and strategies for effective assessment and intervention
Eldridge, H. J. (2000). In C. Itzin (Ed.), Home Truths about Child Sexual Abuse. London: Routledge.

The Lucy Faithfull Foundation's residential program for sexual offenders Eldridge, H. J., & Wyre, R. (1998). In W.L. Marshall, S.M. Hudson, T. Ward, & Y.M. Fernandez (Eds.), Sourcebook of Treatment Programmes for Sexual Offenders (pp. 79- 92). New York: Plenum.

Therapist Guide for Maintaining Change: Relapse Prevention for Adult Male Perpetrators of Child Sexual Abuse
Eldridge, H. J. (1998). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Maintaining Change: A Personal Relapse Prevention Manual
Eldridge, H. J. (1998). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Sex offenders: A non-custodial approach
Eldridge, H. J. (1998). Journal of the Judicial Studies Board, 4, 6-7.

Apology and forgiveness in the context of the cycles of adult male sex offenders who abuse children
Eldridge H. J., & Still, J. (1995). In A.C. Salter (Ed.), Transforming Trauma: A Guide to Aid Survivors of Child Sexual Abuse (pp. 131-158). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Confrontative work with sex offenders: Legitimised nonce-bashing?
Sheath, M. (1990). Probation Journal, 37, 159-162. doi: 10.1177/026455059003700402.

Breaking the circle
Eldridge, H. J. (1989). In Turner, J. (Ed.), Home Is Where The Hurt Is (pp. 117-126). Wellingborough, U.K.: Thorsons Publishing.

Adult female sex offenders
Lucy Faithfull Foundation Assessment and Intervention Programme for Women Who Sexually Abuse Children
Eldridge, H. J., Saradjian, J., Brotherston, S., & Ashfield, S. (unpublished)

New Life Manual
Eldridge, H. J., & Saradjian, J. (unpublished). 

Women Who Sexually Abuse Children
Ford, H. (2006). NSPCC/Wiley.
The use of online technology in the modus operandi of female sex offenders
Elliot, I.A., and Ashfield, S.A. (submitted). Journal of Sexual Aggression, 17, 92-104
Working with female sexual abusers: Therapeutic process issues
Ashfield, S., Brotherston, S., Eldridge, H. E., & Elliott, I. A. (2010). In T.A. Gannon, & F. Cortoni (Eds.), Sexual Offenders: Theory, Assessment, and Treatment (pp. 161-180). Chichester, U.K.: Wiley Blackwell.

Exploring risk: Potential static, dynamic, protective and treatment factors in the clinical histories of female sex offenders
Elliott, I. A., Eldridge, H. E., Ashfield, S., & Beech, A. R. (2010). Journal of Family Violence, 25, 595-602. doi: 10.1007/s10896-010-9322-8.

Assessment of women who sexually abuse children
Eldridge, H. J., Elliott, I. A., & Ashfield, S. (2009). In M.C. Calder (Ed.), Sexual Abuse Assessments (pp. 213-227). Lyme Regis, U.K.: Russell House.

Replacing the function of abusive behaviors for the offender: remaking relapse prevention in working with women who sexually abuse children
Eldridge, H. J., & Saradjian, J. (2000). In D.R. Laws, S.M. Hudson, & T. Ward (Eds.), Remaking Relapse Prevention (pp. 402 -426). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage

Female sexual offenders: the need for a gender-responsive approach.
Ashfield, S., Brotherston, S., Eldridge, H. and Elliott, I. (2013). In K. Harrison and B. Rainey, eds. Handbook of Legal and Ethical Aspects of Sex Offender Treatment and Management. Chichester, UK: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 321-337.

Treatment approaches for women who sexually abuse children.
Eldridge, H.J., Bailey, A and Brotherston, S.M. (in press). In J. L. Ireland, C.A.       Ireland and P. Birch, eds. Violent and Sexual Offenders: Assessment, Treatment and Management 2nd edn. London: Routledge.

Assessing women who sexually abuse children.
Eldridge, H.J., Elliott, I.A., Gillespie, S., Bailey, A. and Beech, A.R. (in press)   In J. L. Ireland, C.A. Ireland and P. Birch, eds. Violent and Sexual Offenders: Assessment, Treatment and Management, 2nd edn. London: Routledge

Female sex offenders: Gender and risk perception.
I Elliott, I. A. and Bailey, A. (2014). n K. McCartan, P. Rumney and N. Ryder, eds. Sexual Offending: Perceptions, Risks and Responses. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 48-71.

Characteristics of females who sexually offend: A comparison of solo and co-offenders.
Gillespie, S. M., Williams, R., Elliott, I. A., Eldridge, H. J., Ashfield, S. and Beech, A. R. (2015). Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 27: 284-301.

Barbara's story: A mother who sexually abused
Eldridge, H. J. (1993). In M. Elliott (Ed.), Female Sexual Abuse of Children: The Ultimate Taboo. Harlow, U.K.: Longman.

Note:  The research co-authored with Professor Tony Beech, Dr Ian Elliott, Dr Steven Gillespie and Rebecca Williams was undertaken as a collaboration between Lucy Faithfull Foundation and the University of Birmingham

Internet sex offenders

Online behaviour related to child sexual abuse
Quayle, E., Allegro, S., Hutton, L., Sheath, M., L.: (2012). Online behaviour related to child sexual abuse. Creating a private space in which to offend - Interviews with online child sex offenders. Council of the Baltic Sea States, Stockholm: ROBERT project.

A review of e-safety remote computer monitoring for U.K. sex offenders (practice report)
Elliott, I. A., Findlater, D., & Hughes, T. (2010). Journal of Sexual Aggression, 16, 237-248. doi: 10.1080/13552601003686870.

Understanding online child pornography use: Applying sexual offense theory to internet offenders
Elliott, I. A., & Beech, A. R. (2009). Aggression & Violent Behavior, 14, 180-193. doi: 10.1016/j.avb.2009.03.002.

Psychological profiles of Internet sexual offenders: Comparisons with contact sexual offenders
Elliott, I. A., Beech, A. R., Mandeville-Norden, R., & Hayes, E. (2009). Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 21, 76-92. doi: 10.1177/1079063208326929.

The Internet and child sexual offending: A criminological review
Beech, A. R., Elliott, I. A., Birgden, A., & Findlater, D. (2008). Aggression & Violent Behavior, 13, 216-228. doi: 10.1016/j.avb.2008.03.007.

Public education

Keeping the Public in Public Protection - A report on two pilot community education campaigns for the prevention of child sexual abuse

A primary prevention programme in primary schools

Hedgehogs Pilot Programme Evaluation Report
Whitehead, H. (2012). Hedgehogs Pilot Programme Evaluation Report. The Lucy Faithfull Foundation.

Hedgehogs Pilot Programme Evaluation Executive Summary
Whitehead, H. (2012). Hedgehogs Pilot Programme Evaluation Executive Summary. The Lucy Faithfull Foundation.

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